R. Lee Ermey

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R. Lee Ermey
Ermey looking forward at a camera
Ermey aboard USS Belleau Wood in 2005
Ronald Lee Ermey

(1944-03-24)March 24, 1944
DiedApril 15, 2018(2018-04-15) (aged 74)
Burial placeArlington National Cemetery[1]
  • Actor
  • U.S. Marine drill instructor
Years active1978–2017
Political partyIndependent[2]
Dolores Janshen
(m. 1962; div. 1969)
Nila Ermey
(m. 1975)
Military career
AllegianceUnited States
Service/branchUnited States Marine Corps
Years of service1961–1972
Battles/warsVietnam War

Ronald Lee Ermey (March 24, 1944 – April 15, 2018) was an American actor and U.S. Marine drill instructor. He achieved fame for his role as Gunnery Sergeant Hartman in the 1987 film Full Metal Jacket, which earned him a Golden Globe nomination for Best Supporting Actor. Ermey was also a United States Marine Corps staff sergeant and an honorary gunnery sergeant.

Ermey was often typecast in authority figure roles, such as Mayor Tilman in the film Mississippi Burning, Bill Bowerman in Prefontaine, Sheriff Hoyt in the fifth and sixth installments of The Texas Chainsaw Massacre franchise, Jimmy Lee Farnsworth in Fletch Lives, a police captain in Seven, plastic army men leader Sarge in the first three films of the Toy Story franchise (1995–2010), Lt. "Tice" Ryan in Rocket Power and John House in House.

On television, Ermey hosted two programs on the History Channel: Mail Call, in which he answered viewers' questions about various military issues both modern and historic; and Lock n' Load with R. Lee Ermey, which concerned the development of different types of weapons. He also hosted GunnyTime on the Outdoor Channel.

Early life[edit]

Ermey was born in Emporia, Kansas, on March 24, 1944, to John Edward (1924–2016) and Betty (née Pantle) Ermey (1926–2004).[3][4] A few years after his birth, his father moved the family (including Ermey and his five brothers) to a small farm outside of Kansas City, Kansas.[5] Then, in 1958, when Ermey was 14, his father moved the family to a rural home between Zillah, Washington, and Granger, Washington.[5][6]

As a teenager, Ermey was an admitted "troublemaker and a bit of a hell-raiser", and frequently got into trouble.[7] In 1961, when Ermey was 17, his mother took him to a judge in an attempt to correct his behavior.[8] The judge gave the young Ermey a choice between military service or jail; Ermey chose military service.[5]

Military career[edit]

Ermey enlisted in the United States Marine Corps in 1961 at age 17 and went through recruit training at Marine Corps Recruit Depot San Diego in San Diego, California.[5] He served in the aviation support field for a few years before becoming a drill instructor in India Company, 3rd Recruit Training Battalion, at Marine Corps Recruit Depot San Diego, where he was assigned from 1965 to 1967.[9]

Ermey then served in Marine Wing Support Group 17 at Marine Corps Air Station Futenma on Okinawa, Japan.[5] In 1968, he was ordered to South Vietnam with MWSG-17, and spent 14 months in-country. The remainder of his service was on Okinawa, where he was advanced to Staff Sergeant (E-6). He was medically retired in 1972 because of several injuries.[10] On May 17, 2002, he received an honorary promotion to Gunnery Sergeant (E-7) by Commandant of the Marine Corps General James L. Jones.[11]

Ermey regularly took the opportunity to speak with new recruits, visiting the Marine Corps Recruit Depot San Diego in San Diego, California, and the Marine Corps Recruit Depot Parris Island (located within Port Royal, South Carolina, approximately five miles (8.0 km) south of Beaufort). An episode of Mail Call was filmed at the latter of these two training bases.

Acting career[edit]

Early technical advice and first roles[edit]

After his discharge from the Marine Corps, Ermey attended the University of Manila in the Philippines, using his G.I. Bill benefits.[12] While there, he was cast in his first film role, playing a Marine drill instructor in Sidney J. Furie's The Boys in Company C (1978). Then, while serving as a technical advisor to director Francis Ford Coppola, he was also cast as a First Air Cavalry helicopter pilot in one scene in Apocalypse Now (1979).[13] He also appeared as a Gunnery Sergeant in 1984's Purple Hearts shot, like all his early films, in the Philippines.[13]

Full Metal Jacket[edit]

Ermey had infrequent film roles until 1987, when he was cast as drill instructor Gunnery Sergeant Hartman in Stanley Kubrick's Full Metal Jacket.[13] As with The Boys in Company C and Apocalypse Now, he was initially hired by the production only as a technical advisor.[13][14]

Ermey recorded several 30 minute sessions on videocassette with the first casting choice for Hartman, Tim Colceri, in which they hurled insults at a group of extras. Kubrick had intended these rehearsals as a venue for Colceri to learn how drill instructors could remove the civilian mindset from the personalities of new recruits. Ermey, realizing that Kubrick was watching the tapes he recorded with Colceri, treated the recordings as an audition for the role of Hartman. To this end Ermey not only continued berating recruits long after Colceri's 30 minute practice session had ended, but had stagehands pelt him with tennis balls and oranges as he did it, showing a real DI's level of concentration while at work.[14]

Kubrick grew fascinated with Ermey's performances, which sometimes ran to two hours—the maximum time that could be recorded on VHS cassettes. The director later said to Rolling Stone that Ermey's intense familiarity with the role had perfected his delivery and fluency of improvisation to a level he could not hope to discover in a professional actor, no matter how many takes they were given. Colceri was replaced by Ermey before filming. In consolation for his months of preparation for the role of Hartman, Colceri was given the smaller role of a helicopter door-gunner.[15][13]

Seeking authenticity for the war movie, Kubrick allowed Ermey to write, edit and improvise his own dialogue. His was the only performance in a Kubrick film that had a significant proportion of improvised dialogue, with Ermey writing more than 50 percent of his dialogue.[16] Kubrick later praised Ermey as an excellent performer. Despite the technical demands of Ermey's extended dialogue scenes — his character has by far the most lines in the film — the actor sometimes satisfied Kubrick after only three takes, because he was prepared. This was extremely unusual on a Kubrick production, where the director would regularly demand 40 takes, and in some circumstances considerably more due to actors focusing more on remembering their lines than delivering believable emotions.[17] Ermey's performance was extremely well-received and he was nominated for a Golden Globe Award as Best Supporting Actor.

Later films[edit]

Ermey eventually appeared in about 60 films, often in roles of authority figures similar to his character in Full Metal Jacket. These include Mayor Tilman in Mississippi Burning (1988), Sergeant Major Bill Hafner in The Siege of Firebase Gloria (also a Vietnam film, 1989), Jimmy Lee Farnsworth in Fletch Lives (1989), General Kramer in Toy Soldiers (1991), a police captain in Se7en (1995), the ghost of a drill instructor in The Frighteners (1996), Bill Bowerman in Prefontaine (1997), Frank Martin in the remake of Willard (2003), and Sheriff Hoyt in The Texas Chainsaw Massacre (2003) and The Texas Chainsaw Massacre: The Beginning (2006). He also appeared in Sommersby, Naked Gun 33+13: The Final Insult, On Deadly Ground, Murder in the First, Leaving Las Vegas, Dead Man Walking, Switchback, Life, Saving Silverman, The Salton Sea, Man of the House, and The Watch.

Ermey also lent his voice as plastic army men leader Sarge to Toy Story (1995), Toy Story 2 (1999), and Toy Story 3 (2010), as well as a sergeant in X-Men 3 (2006). His voice was also briefly heard through a voice disguise machine in Recess: School's Out (2001).

Ermey loading ammunition for the Bofors 40 mm gun aboard a Lockheed AC-130H "Spectre" Gunship in 2006


Ermey hosted two programs on the History Channel. The first program, Mail Call (2002-2009), consisted of him answering viewers' questions about various military issues both modern and historic. Ermey frequently discussed weaponry, tactical matters, and military history. Mail Call's subject matter was dictated by viewer emails; one episode focused on an M1 Abrams tank, while others involved World War II secrets, and others focused on elements of medieval warfare. The set consisted of a military tent, other military gear and weapons, and a World War II jeep. According to a 2005 episode of Mail Call filmed at Whiteman Air Force Base, he was the 341st person to fly in the B-2 stealth bomber.

Ermey hosted a second History Channel program entitled Lock n' Load with R. Lee Ermey (2009), which discussed the history of various weapons used by militaries of today.[18]

Ermey served as host of GunnyTime, a show that debuted on Outdoor Channel in 2015.[19]

Ermey guest-starred on a number of shows, usually appearing in a commanding military role. The shows included Kim Possible, The Simpsons, Roughnecks, Family Guy, SpongeBob SquarePants, The Grim Adventures of Billy & Mandy, Rocket Power, The Angry Beavers, Fillmore!, Miami Vice, Human Target, All Dogs Go to Heaven: The Series, Rough Riders, Cracker, My Life as a Teenage Robot, and Invader Zim.

In 1993, Ermey appeared as the father of Bruce Campbell's character in The Adventures of Brisco County, Jr. for two episodes (1 and 8) of season one.[20] On December 14, 1994, Ermey played a sheriff in Tales from the Crypt, season six, episode nine, "Staired in Horror". In 1995, Ermey played Sergeant Major Frank Bougus, USMC in the pilot episode of Space: Above and Beyond.[21] He also played the role of Reverend Patrick Findley, a minister, on The X-Files season 3, episode 11, "Revelations".[22]

Ermey also made guest appearances on the television drama House, playing the role of Dr. Gregory House's father, who was a decorated naval aviator while serving in the Marine Corps ("Daddy's Boy", "Birthmarks"), and the sitcom Scrubs, playing the Janitor's father. He also voiced Wildcat in several episodes of Batman: The Brave and the Bold.

Ermey voiced Colonel Leslie "Hap" Hapablap in two episodes of The Simpsons ("Sideshow Bob's Last Gleaming" and "Waiting for Duffman"). In the episode of SpongeBob SquarePants "Inmates of Summer", he voiced an irate warden of a maximum-security island prison who demoralized the inmates whenever he could. In the episode of The Angry Beavers "Fancy Prance", he voiced the Lipizzaner stallions' instructor, Drill Sergeant Goonther.

Ermey was also featured each week on ESPN's College GameDay. His role was to insult the experts' incorrect picks from the previous week. In 2010, Ermey appeared in the Law & Order: Special Victims Unit episode "Trophy" as a paroled sex offender. In 2011, Ermey starred as a drill instructor on the X-Play special on Bulletstorm. In the Family Guy episode "Grumpy Old Man", Ermey guest-starred, again as a drill instructor.[23]

Video games[edit]

In 1993, Ermey played Lyle The Handyman in the full motion video game Mega-CD/Sega CD game Double Switch. In 1996, he was the player character's superior officer in Earthsiege 2.

Ermey lent his voice to several video games, including Fallout Tactics: Brotherhood of Steel (as General Barnaky) and Crash Bandicoot: The Wrath of Cortex (as Wa-Wa). He also made a cameo in Real War: Air, Land, Sea, a real-time strategy video game based on the official Joint Chiefs of Staff training game. In 2014, he did voice-over work for Call of Duty: Ghosts.

Several characters have made references to Ermey and the character of Hartman. In the game Fallout 3, a recruitable companion is named Sergeant RL-3, a modified military robot with a personality very similar to Ermey (the companion's name is a reference to Ermey's initials wherein the 3 is leetspeak for the letter E). In the World of Warcraft: Cataclysm expansion there is a character named "Lieutenant Emry" that speaks some of Ermey's signature lines from Full Metal Jacket. In Half-Life: Opposing Force, the drill sergeant from the initial boot camp stage had dialogue and mannerisms very similar to Ermey's character in Full Metal Jacket.


Ermey was an official spokesman for Black Book (National Auto Research), Glock firearms, TRU-SPEC apparel, Tupperware, Victory Motorcycles, Hoover, SOG Specialty Knives, WD-40, Young Marines, and appeared in commercials for Coors Light, Dick's Sporting Goods, GEICO, and pistachio nuts. In late 2010, Ermey starred in a GEICO commercial as a drill-instructor-turned-therapist who insults a client, in a parody of some of his iconic characters.[13] He provided the introduction for the Professional Bull Riders.[24] He can be seen giving a service announcement for Alamo Drafthouse Cinemas, demanding that viewers be quiet during the film.[25] He was a board member of the National Rifle Association of America.[26]

Personal life[edit]

Ermey married his wife, Nila, in 1975. They had four children and remained married until his death.[27]

Business venture[edit]

Ermey was a co-founder of Bravery Brewing in Lancaster, California.[28]

Military appearances[edit]

On May 17, 2002, Ermey received an honorary post-service promotion to gunnery sergeant (E-7) from the Commandant of the Marine Corps General James L. Jones in recognition of his continuing support to Americans in military service.[11]

Ermey traveled to Kuwait in June 2003 during the first phase of Operation Iraqi Freedom to film mail distribution by the Defense Department to service personnel for an episode of Mail Call.

He conducted morale tours, visiting United States troops in locations such as Al Kut, Iraq, and Bagram Airfield, Afghanistan, in which he filmed parts for his television show Mail Call. While at Bagram Airfield, he held a USO-type show in which he portrayed GySgt Hartman and conducted a comedy routine. He also did the same at Doha, Qatar and Camp Doha, Kuwait City, Kuwait, in 2003.

Political views[edit]

Ermey described himself as an independent. In the 2008 presidential election, Ermey voted for Barack Obama, but subsequently criticized his economic policies, accusing him of attempting to "impose socialism" on the American people and "destroying the country."[29][30] Ermey said in a 2015 interview that he supported Texas Senator Ted Cruz for president. He said, "You know what, I just watched Ted Cruz – I mean, what a tough act to follow. I'm not going to tell you who I'm going to vote for, but I'm going to let you guess [...] and the first two guesses don't count!"[31] He endorsed presidential candidate Donald Trump.[32]

Ermey was a supporter of the Second Amendment[33] and a board member of the National Rifle Association.[34]


Ermey died at a hospital in Santa Monica, California, from complications related to pneumonia on the morning of April 15, 2018, at the age of 74.[35][36] His funeral was held in Arlington National Cemetery on Friday, January 18, 2019.[37][38]

Awards and decorations[edit]

R. Lee Ermey during the United States Marine Corps birthday ball, November 2006

Ermey was retroactively awarded the Marine Corps Drill Instructor Ribbon after he retired from the military due to his prior service as a Marine Corps recruit training instructor. Ermey's military awards included:[10]

1st row Meritorious Unit Commendation Marine Corps Good Conduct Medal
w/ two bronze Service stars
National Defense Service Medal
2nd row Armed Forces Expeditionary Medal Vietnam Service Medal
w/ one bronze Campaign star
Marine Corps Drill Instructor Ribbon
3rd row Republic of Vietnam Gallantry Cross with Palm Vietnam Presidential Unit Citation Republic of Vietnam Campaign Medal
Badges Rifle Marksmanship Badge Pistol Sharpshooter Badge
2 Service stripes


Year Title Role Notes
1978 The Boys in Company C Staff Sergeant Loyce Credited as Lee Ermey
1979 Apocalypse Now Eagle Thrust Seven Helicopter Pilot Uncredited
Up from the Depths Lee
1984 Purple Hearts Gunnery Sergeant "Gunny"
1987 Full Metal Jacket Gunnery Sergeant Hartman Credited as "Lee Ermey"
Boston Society of Film Critics Award for Best Supporting Actor
Nominated – Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actor – Motion Picture
Miami Vice Detective Sergeant Ernest Haskell Episode: "Rising Sun of Death"
1988 Mississippi Burning Mayor Tilman
1989 The Siege of Firebase Gloria Sergeant Major Bill Hafner / Narrator Uncredited screenwriter
Fletch Lives Jimmy Lee Farnsworth
1990 Demonstone Colonel Joe Haines
The Rift Captain Phillips
The Take Weller TV movie
I'm Dangerous Tonight Lieutenant Ackman TV movie
Kid Luke
83 Hours 'Til Dawn Glen Fairling TV movie
1991 The Terror Within II Von Demming
Toy Soldiers General Kramer
True Identity Houston's Boss Uncredited
1993 Hexed Detective Ferguson
Sommersby Dick Mead
Body Snatchers General Platt
The Adventures of Brisco County, Jr. Marshal Brisco County Sr. 2 episodes
Double Switch Lyle, The Handyman Video game
1994 French Silk Chief Crowder TV movie
Chain of Command Benjamin Brewster
On Deadly Ground Stone
Rise and Walk: The Dennis Byrd Story Mr. Byrd Uncredited
TV movie
Naked Gun 33+13: The Final Insult Mess Hall Guard Uncredited cameo
Love Is a Gun Frank Deacon
Tales from the Crypt Sheriff Episode: "Staired in Horror"
1995 Murder in the First Judge Clawson
Savate Benedict Short
Best of the Best 3: No Turning Back Preacher Brian Uncredited
Seven Police Captain
Leaving Las Vegas Conventioneer
Space: Above and Beyond Sergeant Major Bougus TV series
Under the Hula Moon Lieutenant Colonel J.P. McIntire
Toy Story Sarge Voice
The X-Files Reverend Findley Episode: "Revelations"
Dead Man Walking Clyde Percy
Kidnapped Frank TV movie
The Simpsons Colonel Leslie "Hap" Hapablap Voice
Episode: "Sideshow Bob's Last Gleaming"
1996 Soul of the Game Wilkie TV movie
The Frighteners The Late Master Sergeant Hiles
1997 Prefontaine Bill Bowerman
Dead Men Can't Dance Senator Pullman T. Fowler
Weapons of Mass Distraction Billy Paxton TV movie
Switchback Sheriff Buck Olmstead
The Angry Beavers Sergeant Goonther Voice
Episode: "Fancy Prance/H2Whoa!"
Starship Troopers News Announcer Voice, Uncredited
Rough Riders Secretary of State John Hay 2 episodes
1997–1998 Cracker Lieutenant Fry 16 episodes
1998 The Sender Colonel Rosewater
Gunshy Jerry
All Dogs Go to Heaven: The Series Sergeant Yorkie Voice
Episode: "Dogfaces"
1999 You Know My Name Nix TV movie
Life Older Sheriff Pike
Avalanche Gary
Big Guy and Rusty the Boy Robot General Thorton Voice
26 episodes
The Apartment Complex Frank Stanton TV movie
Toy Story 2 Sarge Voice
1999–2000 Roughnecks: STC Sky Marshall Sanchez Voice
4 episodes
2000 The Chaos Factor Colonel Ben Wilder
Skipped Parts Caspar Callahan
Buzz Lightyear of Star Command: The Adventure Begins Sarge Voice
Jericho Marshall
2001 Saving Silverman Coach Norton
Recess: School's Out Colonel O'Malley Voice
Fallout Tactics: Brotherhood of Steel General Barnaky Voice
Video game
Real War: Rogue States Briefings Voice
Video game
Real War: Air, Land, Sea
Megiddo: The Omega Code 2 President Richard Benson
Scenes of the Crime Mr. Parker
Family Guy Coach Voice
Episode: "Mr. Saturday Knight"
Taking Sides General Wallace
On the Borderline Captain Elias
Crash Bandicoot: The Wrath of Cortex Wa-Wa Voice
Video game
Credited as R. Lee Ermy
2002 Run Ronnie Run! Lead Kidnapper Cameo
The Salton Sea Verne Plummer
Scrubs Janitor's Father Episode: "My Old Man"
Frank McKlusky, C.I. Jockey Master Uncredited cameo
Invader Zim Sergeant Hobo 678 Voice
Episode: "HOBO 13/Walk for Your Lives"
A.K.A. Birdseye Sheriff Gathers
2002–2009 Mail Call Himself (Host)
2003 Toy Story: Buzz Lightyear's Blast Up Together Sarge Voice
Willard Frank Martin
Fillmore! Colonel Thrift Voice
Episode: "South of Friendship, North of Honor"
The Texas Chainsaw Massacre Charlie Hewitt / Sheriff Hoyt Nominated – Fangoria Chainsaw Award for Best Supporting Actor
Kim Possible General Sims Voice
2 episodes
Rocket Power Madison Voice
Episode: Saving Lt. Ryan
2004 Y.M.I. John
The Grim Adventures of Billy & Mandy Drill Sergeant Voice
Episode: "Bully Boogie/Here Thar Be Dwarves"
Father of the Pride Sergeant Bunny Voice
Episode: "One Man's Meat Is Another Man's Girlfriend"
2005 My Life as a Teenage Robot Sarge Voice
Episode: "Last Action Zero"
Man of the House Captain Nichols
2005–2008 House John House 2 episodes
2006 X-Men: The Last Stand Sergeant Voice cameo
Shark Bait Jack Voice
The Texas Chainsaw Massacre: The Beginning Charlie Hewitt / Sheriff Hoyt
2007 SpongeBob SquarePants Prison Warden Voice
Episode: "The Inmates of Summer"
2008 Solstice Leonard
Eleventh Hour Bob Henson Episode: "Agro"
2009 Lock n' Load with R. Lee Ermey Himself (Host) 13 episodes
2009–2011 Batman: The Brave and the Bold Wildcat Voice
4 episodes
2010 Toy Story 3 Sarge Voice
Law & Order: Special Victims Unit Walter Burlock Episode: "Trophy"
An Okay Place to Eat Sergeant Cereal Voice
2011 Family Guy Drill Sergeant With Alzheimer's Disease Voice
Episode: "Grumpy Old Man"
2012 The Watch Manfred Final film role
2012 Kung Fu Panda: Legends of Awesomeness General Tsin Voice
2013 Call of Duty: Ghosts Drill Instructor DLC Voice
Video game
2015 The Simpsons Colonel Leslie "Hap" Hapablap Voice
Episode: "Waiting for Duffman"
2015–2017 GunnyTime Himself (host) 31 episodes
2016 Military Makeover Himself (host) [39][40]

Other media[edit]

  • Ermey recorded voice lines for a "talking" 12-inch tall "motivational action figure" depicting him in USMC drill instructor uniform, which replays his signature put-downs with the press of an electronic button on the back. Sideshow Collectibles manufactured the figure in two versions, one with (somewhat) family-friendly language and one with "extra-salty" remarks that include profanity; the latter is packaged with an R rating as a warning to consumers. One of these figures appears occasionally on Mail Call, wherein it is often referred to as 'Mini-Lee' by the host, and is sometimes seen berating a G.I. Joe.
  • In the early 1990s, he appeared as a Martian pilot in a training video for Virtual World Entertainment's game Red Planet.
  • In the Green Lantern series of comics published by DC, it is revealed that Green Lantern Kilowog, who trains all new Green Lantern recruits, was in turn trained by a Green Lantern named Ermey.
  • He had a notable appearance on The Howard Stern Show in October 2002, appearing on the show as GySgt Hartman.
  • He provided the voice of the DLC drill instructor in Call of Duty: Ghosts.
  • He starred in an instructional training video for Lockheed Martin dealing with the problems caused by Foreign Object Damage in manufacturing military equipment.
  • Avenue N in Palmdale, CA was successfully petitioned to be renamed "R. Lee Ermey Avenue" in memoriam of the Antelope Valley resident.[41] On 10 November 2023, at 1110 hours, an eastbound stretch of Avenue N east of El Camino Sierra was officially opened as the R. Lee Ermey Musical Highway. By driving over the grooved pavement at 45 mph, the road will play 30 seconds of the Marine Corps Hymn.[42]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Hart, Julia (December 26, 2018). "'Gunny' to be laid to rest in Arlington". Sunnyside Sun.
  2. ^ Savitsky, Sasha (July 5, 2016). "'GunnyTime' host R. Lee Ermey 'blackballed' from Hollywood for conservative views". Fox News Channel. Retrieved April 16, 2018.
  3. ^ "John Edward Ermey". The Vidette. August 25, 2016. Retrieved April 19, 2018.
  4. ^ "Pantle–Ermey". The Emporia Gazette. March 14, 1942. Retrieved April 19, 2018.
  5. ^ a b c d e Cooper, Steve (September 2010). "Gunny R. Lee Ermey Unplugged". The First Shot. Civilian Marksmanship Program. Retrieved April 16, 2018.
  6. ^ Hartl, John (July 9, 1987). "'Full Metal Jacket' was an old drill for this ex-Marine". The Seattle Times. p. F3.
  7. ^ "CMP - First Shot Online!". www.odcmp.org. Retrieved May 23, 2023.
  8. ^ Escobar, Ted (April 17, 2018). "Ermey funeral to take place in Arlington". Sunnyside Sun. Retrieved May 23, 2023.
  9. ^ Tanner, Beccy (April 16, 2018). "'Mail Call' star Gunnery Sgt. R. Lee Ermey dies; actor had Kansas roots". The Wichita Eagle. Retrieved March 21, 2024.
  10. ^ a b "R. Lee Ermey's Bio". rleeermey.com. Retrieved April 16, 2018.
  11. ^ a b Fuentes, Gidget (April 16, 2018). "Marine, Actor R. Lee Ermey Dies at 74". USNI News. U.S. Naval Institute. Retrieved April 16, 2018.
  12. ^ "Death of 'Full Metal Jacket' star R. Lee Ermey, who delivered one of the filthiest monologues in film history". South China Morning Post. April 16, 2018. Retrieved April 16, 2018.
  13. ^ a b c d e f Clark, Doug (August 31, 2010). "'Gunny' has a terrifying bark, but he won't bite". The Spokesman-Review. Archived from the original on April 4, 2012. Retrieved April 24, 2011.
  14. ^ a b "R. Lee Ermey's instructional tape (lost audition footage for Full Metal Jacket; 1985) - The Lost Media Wiki". lostmediawiki.com. Retrieved August 17, 2023.
  15. ^ "Tim Colceri | Actor, Director, Casting Director". IMDb. Retrieved August 17, 2023.
  16. ^ "The legend of R Lee Ermey, 'Full Metal Jacket' drill sergeant". SBS. December 5, 2017. Retrieved April 16, 2018.
  17. ^ "The Kubrick Site: The Rolling Stone Interview". Visual-memory.co.uk. Retrieved October 3, 2009.
  18. ^ "Actor R. Lee Ermey of 'Full Metal Jacket' dies at 74". ABC7. April 16, 2018. Archived from the original on April 16, 2018. Retrieved April 16, 2018.
  19. ^ "GunnyTime with R. Lee Ermey". Outdoor Channel. Archived from the original on April 16, 2018. Retrieved April 16, 2018.
  20. ^ "Adventures of Brisco County, Jr". IMDb.
  21. ^ "Space: Above and Beyond". Variety. September 25, 1995. Retrieved April 16, 2018.
  22. ^ Kreps, Daniel (April 16, 2018). "R. Lee Ermey, 'Full Metal Jacket' Actor, Dead at 74". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on April 16, 2018. Retrieved April 16, 2018.
  23. ^ "Family Guy Season 10, Episode 9 Grumpy Old Man". TV Guide. Retrieved April 16, 2018.
  24. ^ "Ermy, Allan Join PBR TV Broadcasts" (Press release). Professional Bull Riders. January 6, 2011. Archived from the original on March 8, 2016.
  25. ^ Drafthouse PSAs Archived November 21, 2011, at the Wayback Machine
  26. ^ Echols, Tucker (February 15, 2012). "NRA aims to 'Trigger the Vote' with voter registration drive". Washington Business Journal. Archived from the original on February 19, 2012.
  27. ^ Southern, Nathan. "R. Lee Ermey Biography". Fandango.com. Rovi. Retrieved April 17, 2018.
  28. ^ "Bravery Brewing". Archived from the original on January 7, 2018. Retrieved November 18, 2015.
  29. ^ Bethel, B. J. "R. Lee Ermey: 1944-2018 | Features | Roger Ebert". www.rogerebert.com. Retrieved November 24, 2020.
  30. ^ "Actor R. Lee Ermey, Geico's drill-sergeant-therapist, says he was fired from commercial for criticizing Obama". Fox News. Retrieved July 31, 2020.
  31. ^ R. Lee Ermey on Ted Cruz (TV clip). Sportsman. April 16, 2015. Archived from the original on November 9, 2021.
  32. ^ "Gunny R. Lee Ermey gives Trump one heck-uv-a endorsement". Facebook. Retrieved October 19, 2017.
  33. ^ R. Lee Ermey on the Second Amendment and the American Militia (TV clip). The American Militia. December 22, 2018. Archived from the original on November 9, 2021.
  34. ^ "NRA money flowed to board members amid allegedly lavish spending by top officials and vendors". The Washington Post. August 27, 2012. Retrieved June 11, 2019.
  35. ^ Stevens, Matt (April 15, 2018). "R. Lee Ermey, Harsh Drill Instructor in 'Full Metal Jacket,' Dies at 74". The New York Times.
  36. ^ Nordyke, Kimberly (April 15, 2018). "R. Lee Ermey, Golden Globe Nominee for 'Full Metal Jacket,' Dies at 74". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved April 15, 2018.
  37. ^ Pawlyk, Oriana (January 18, 2019). "Family, Fans Attend R. Lee Ermey's Funeral at Arlington Cemetery". Military.com.
  38. ^ Burial Detail: Ermey, Ronald Lee – ANC Explorer
  39. ^ "About Military Makeover". Lifetime. Retrieved April 16, 2018.
  40. ^ "R. Lee Ermey". BFI. Archived from the original on May 28, 2016. Retrieved April 16, 2018.
  41. ^ Press, Valley (November 11, 2018). "'Gunny' gets his own boulevard". Antelope Valley Press. Retrieved May 26, 2022.
  42. ^ "City of Palmdale Opens Musical Road on R. Lee Ermey Avenue". City of Palmdale CA. Retrieved May 7, 2024.

External links[edit]